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Ancient Egyptian Armour

  • Cowhide stretched over wooden frame for shield
  • Heavier bronze shields
  • Soldiers rarely wore helmets, with the exception of the warrior pharaohs
  • Mercenaries wore helmets from homeland
  • Armour never used extensively, except by pharaohs
  • Used mobile shelters with battering ram inside for siege (basically, a siege tower)
  • Early warriors wore belts and small triangular loincloths
  • Leather jackets with metal scales
  • Few helmets similar to Syrian style, but with hard cords instead of horsetails
  • Kilts worn in Middle Kingdom
  • They wore mail shirts made of bronze
  • the king wore ceremonial armor
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*The pharaoh wore a blue war crown

Ancient Egyptian Weaponry

  • Bow and arrow primary weapons
  • spears
  • clubs and maces
  • axes
  • knives
  • swords
  • slingshots
  • javelins
  • throwing sticks
  • horse-drawn chariots
  • siege towers
  • battering rams
  • scimitars
  • daggers
  • casting
  • hatchets
  • khopesh
  • Chariots
  • Composite Bow
  • Stone maces
  • Bronze axes
  • Hardened short sword
  • Spears, in early Egypt

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Egyptian Weapons through the ages

the early ages, the weapons in times of war were the same as those in times of peace. They fought with throwing sticks, axes, and bows & arrows, and these were usually used in early civil wars. These same tools were used for hunting and gathering resources in everyday life.
Because Egypt was a relatively peaceful and isolated nation, it's weaponry evolved much slower than other, more violent nations. Egypt's only big change in it's military occurred right after the Middle Age, when the Hyksos captured the Nile Delta and the Egyptians had to adopt the superior strategies and weapons of their Asian enemies.
One weapon in particular caught their attention: the chariot. they used their engineering prowess to develop a faster, lighter version of the cumbersome Hykso version. Because the horses might have been too small to support a rider, they never formed a cavalry.
As Egypt became more open to other worlds, they started to use the same sophisticated weaponry of neighbouring countries; scimitars, metal arrowheads, and helmets. Mercenaries became more important in the army and they brought weapons from their homeland into battle, because Egyptians believed this increased their chances for success.
Despite these advances, Egypt always had inferior weaponry, particularly when Iron weapons were introduced. Because Egypt had no natural iron deposits, and because it was very hardheaded about changing it's ways, they stuck to inferior copper and bronze weapons.


Egypt used it's artificial fortresses to defend it's frontiers and weak points in it's defenses. they often served as combination prisons and surveillance posts for watching the enemies movements. Aside from defending their bases with fortresses- made with mud bricks- they were also used to stop outsiders from coming into Egypt. Some even had sloped walls so scaling ladders couldn't be placed.
In the Middle Kingdom they equipped their fortresses with balconies, parapets, ramps, ditches, and the like. When they came across Asian fortresses they copied the style. These fortifications were named Migdols, which were made of stone. They had battlements on the outer walls, turrets, moats, and also a keep.


The Egyptians had many enemies like the Syrians,Canaanites,Mitanni,Hittites and the Sherdon,Peleset,Kushites,Bedouin,


The type of warriors

  • Archer Bow and Arrow - A ranged weapon which caused a projectile to leave the soldier and strike a target. Made from a strip of flexible material, such as wood, linked at the two ends with a cord, or string, to form a tension from which the arrow was propelled

  • spear man
Spear - Consisting of a shaft, usually of wood, with a sharpened head and used as a thrusting weapon or as a missile. The spear was versatile - cheap to produce and easy to use requiring limited training

  • swords man Swords - Used for cutting and stabbing. The blades were curved and of various lengths - introduced with the development of the various metals

  • slinger Sling - The oldest of weapons dating back to antiquity. Cheap to produce and remained in use during all periods in Ancient Egypt

  • charioteer The chariot, together with the horse itself, was introduced to Egypt by the Hyksos invaders in the 16th century BC and undoubtedly contributed to their military success. In the remains of Egyptian and Assyrian art there are numerous representations of chariots, from which it may be seen with what richness they were sometimes ornamented. The chariots of the Egyptians and Assyrians, with whom the bow was the principal arm of attack, were richly mounted with quivers full of arrows. The Egyptians invented the yoke saddle for their chariot horses in ca. 1500 BC. The best preserved examples of Egyptian chariots are the four specimens from the tomb of Tutankhamun.
* mace man were the strongest foot soldier that the Egyptian army's had. Maces were made from a rock or a piece of metal with a hole driven in the bottom of it. The hole was were the builders of the weapons put the handle. The handle was just a piece of wood that the people found lying around. I personally think that the wood would of had to have been a very hard wood to with stand the brute force that the warrior holding it created when he swung for the enemy.

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The army ranks and marching formation

The marching formation was trumpeter,officers,standards,kings chariot,standard bearers with banners,archers and foot soldiers.

The ranks of the army is king,general,officer,light skirmisher,mercenary,infantry,chariot,servant,cook,priest,scribe,groom and armorer and doctor.
The marching that the army's did must have kept the soldiers in the weight. Change 0 of 0
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  • Egyptians were the most peaceful civilization
  • they didn't have a proper army until the invasion of Hyksos
  • for the ,longest time all they had were footmen
  • there were palace guards who guarded the borders
  • when Hyksos invaded Lower Egypt hey were introduced to weapons and protective gear
  • war chariots were driven by archers, the reins were tied around there waist
  • their main body Armor was a shield,
  • they had limited armor on their body
  • during Amenhotep III time most men were prisoners of war
  • men from areas around had also joined the war
  • eventually a good portion of Egyptian men were required to join
  • they were fighting invaders from near by towns, as well as Greece and Rome
  • Egyptians worshiped many gods, including a god of war
  • the god of war was named Onuris
  • he was believed to be the son of Ra,he was meant to hunt down his father enemy's,to kill them
  • Egypt never regained what it had before the wars
  • first shields were tall as man
  • they were wooden frames, then animal hide stretched over it, cows, cheetahs, antelopes
  • over times shields got smaller, so you can use your spear more effectivly
  • armor was metal scales sewn onto a flexible backing
  • some were found im pharaohs tombs painted blue

Attack Plan

From the earliest Egypt and later Egypt, the attack plans were pretty much the same. They would have hundreds of archers shoot arrows into their enemies, then the spear men would charge in and cut down any remaining enemies.
The Archers would shoot thousands of arrows in the matter of minutes, if there were 200 Archers and they each fired 20 arrows they would have fired 4000 arrows! That would cut down a lot of people, you wouldn't really need to many spear men to cut down people since they would already be dead, or critically wounded.

A Brief History of Weapons

The Egyptians didn't really design their own weapons, when other people invaded and they beat them. They would take the opponents weapons, so they would have more technologically advanced weapons than they already had. They went from just rock maces, to sharper and more effective source of damage. I'm not saying that the stone maces didn't inflict a lot of damage, its just when the enemy's got metal helmets it wouldn't do as much damage as it would before. It might knock them unconscious or hurt a little. Then they stole, well not actually stole. More like "borrowed" weapons from the defeated enemy's. They fou8ind that it could inflict a lot more damage than the mace. A bronze axe head would be able to cause a fractured skull or instant death to an opponent if you hit them right on the head.


Chariots were probably the most useful weapon the the Egyptians. They made many different models of them, finally the perfected one and it was the best one known to man at the time. It could maneuver very well. It was because the axle was farther back on the chariot that gave it the ability to turn sharper and faster.

Egyptian Videos and Facts

I cannot Embed the videos that I want to put into this part but I can put the links to them in here
There are four parts in it, click here to visit...

Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4